Allergic reaction to nuts may lessen over time but sufferers unlikely to outgrow condition

Liam Wray was just a toddler when his parents, Chris and Lisa Wray, discovered he had an allergy.

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“He had an allergic reaction to pistachios,” Mrs Wray told SBS World News.

“He came out in all hives, and he was finding it quite difficult to breathe.”

From that scary moment, Liam discovered a reaction to other nuts too, and carries an epipen and antihistamines with him everywhere.

“I get really tingly in my throat, like it’s very itchy, but it’s like an inside, inside your throat itch, you can’t actually get rid of it. And then I start to feel sick,” Liam said.

The ‘School Nut’ study assessed 15 food allergies of 10 thousand children aged 10 to 14.SBS World News

His parents have worked hard to ensure he’s independently aware of the risks.

Now, thanks to a landmark study at Melbourne’s Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI), the 14-year-old has had some happy news.

“I used to be allergic to hazelnuts and almonds, but I’ve grown out of being allergic to them, which is good, cos I can have Nutella and stuff now,” says Liam.

Transient v persistent food allergies

The ‘School Nuts’ study assessed 15 food allergies in ten-thousand children aged 10 to 14, to find out the extent of allergies, and the cause and scale of reactions.

Lead researcher, pediatric allergist, Professor Katie Allen, said her team discovered that one in 20 students had an allergic reaction during food challenges.

“There’s what we call the transient food allergies, and the persistent food allergies. So the transient food allergies are the early life ones, like cow’s milk and egg allergy, they’re more likely to be grown out of, we know that 80 per cent of them will grow out of it by age five,” Professor Allen told SBS World News.

“But this [the study] has now confirmed what we thought clinically, that children with nut allergy, are more likely to have persistent problems.”

The ‘School Nut’ study’s lead researcher, pediatric allergist, Professor Katie Allen.SBS World News

Professor Allen said it highlighted the importance of patients being re-tested as they advance into secondary school and beyond, to better understand the severity of their condition.

“Children with nut allergy are more likely to have lifelong allergies, they’re also more likely to have anaphylaxis, and unfortunately the fatalities are more likely to be associated with nut anaphylaxis.”

As researchers work towards a treatment, the benefits of testing could be immediate.

Just like for Liam Wray, whose allergy, and routine, has changed.

“If I didn’t get the testing done, I wouldn’t have been able to have almonds or hazelnuts and I wouldn’t have known what they’re like, so it’s good to know I can have, some type of nut.”

For nut allergy sufferer Liam Wray, eating his first nut has been fourteen years in the making.SBS World News

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Canavan confirms he will not resign from the Senate

Coalition senator Matt Canavan is standing firm in refusing to follow Greens senators Scott Ludlam and Larissa Waters in resigning from the Senate over his dual citizenship.

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The senator and former Turnbull government minister held a press conference in Rockhampton confirming he would take the case to the High Court. 

Senator Canavan is seeking further legal advice but believes the fact that his mother signed him up for Italian citizenship – allegedly without his knowledge or consent – means he is not in breach of Section 44 of the Constitution. 

“I was working on the presumption you would have to fill out forms, give consent and sign papers to become a citizen of another country,” he said. 

Section 44 makes it illegal for a dual citizen to sit in the Australian parliament.

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It is the section that saw two Greens senators resign in recent weeks: Senator Ludlam, over his New Zealand citizenship; and Senator Waters, over her Canadian citizenship. 

Senators Canavan, Waters and Ludlam all claim they were unaware of their second citizenships, but Senator Canavan has the additional claim that he has never even visited Italy. 

Senator Canavan resigned from the cabinet over the revelations, handing his portfolios to the Nationals leader Barnaby Joyce.

Media coverage in the days following the resignation has been focused on whether or not it is possible that Senator Canavan’s mother would have been able to register her son as an Italian citizen without at least his signature. 

“My mum acted with what she thought was my best interests and had no idea of the ramifications around any of this,” Senator Canavan said. 

Di Natale: ‘He should do the honourable thing and resign’ 

Greens leader Richard Di Natale is calling for Senator Canavan to step down. 

He said it was inconsistent for Senator Canavan to resign from the ministry but not the Senate. 

“He should do the honourable thing and resign,” he said.

“Ignorance is no excuse.”

Senator Di Natale says the Coalition senator should follow the lead of Greens senators Ludlam and Waters. 

“For people to have faith in the system, people within the system need to act with integrity and honesty. That’s exactly what our two Greens senators did.” 

“They took responsiliblty. They didn’t seek to blame anyone else for their actions.” 

Senator Di Natale has also echoed calls from One Nation for a full audit of every federal politician’s eligibility and citizenship status, to be carried out by the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House. 

0:00 Constitutional expert on Matt Canavan’s High Court case Share Constitutional expert on Matt Canavan’s High Court case

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Man shot dead outside Sydney central station, police launch review

An independent review has been launched into how a man was shot dead outside Sydney’s Central Station following a standoff with police.

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The man died at the scene, near a florist shop outside the station, following a round of shots fired on Wednesday evening during the busy evening commute.

A witness told SBS World News at the scene the man who looked like he had a pair of separated scissors was holding back police at the shop near the station.

Police were called to the scene after reports of an armed robbery at the shop.

“A male of Asian appearance has died following that confrontation with police,” NSW Police Superintendent Mark Walton told reporters.

A critical incident team from the homicide squad will investigate all the circumstances surrounding the incident, he said.

“Including the discharge of police firearms during the confrontation with the man,” Superintendent Walton added.

“That investigation will be subject to independent review in accordance with police policy and guidelines.”

0:00 Moment of Sydney Central Station shooting Share Moment of Sydney Central Station shooting

SBS World News at the scene witnessed three policemen with guns aiming at the man in the shop.

The man was then heard shouting at police: “Shoot me.”

Four shots were then fired before the man went down.

He has not yet been identified.

Police at Central Station. (Andrea Booth, SBS World News)SBS World News

SBS World News witnessed people running and screaming as the shots were being fired. Some took shelter behind columns.

Some people were unsure where the shots were being fired. Two young commuters yelled out at police: “Why did you shoot him?”

Paramedics were called shortly after.

Man down, paramedics on the scene pic.twitter长沙桑拿按摩论坛,/mB8DCyb2Sj

— Andrea Booth (@AndreasBooth) July 26, 2017A man has been shot following a confrontation with police at Eddy Avenue, Sydney, tonight. Inquiries continue.

— NSW Police (@nswpolice) July 26, 2017

 Police said the incident is not believed to be terrorism-related.

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Women’s rugby gets another big kick forward

It is being seen as a new pathway for emerging talent to try to follow in the footsteps of Australia’s gold-medal-winning Rio Olympic side.

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Last weekend, the Australian women’s Commonwealth Youth Games Rugby Sevens team beat Canada in the final in the Bahamas to claim gold.

It is yet another sign that women’s rugby in Australia is not just growing, but raising the expectations, with each passing year.

The latest announcement gives those who played in the Bahamas, such as 18-year-old Page McGregor, the chance to progress from the youth ranks to the senior ranks.

She is now aiming to go well in next month’s eight-team university tournament and maybe earn a spot at next year’s Commonwealth Games.

“That’s why I’m excited to play this Uni Games with some of the girls, because Chole Dalton and Dom Du Toit are in our team, so it will be really good to play with them to show that we have an opportunity to make the Commonwealth Games next year.”

The university teams have each been sprinkled with some of the elite Olympic gold-medal squad to help nurture new talent.

Australian coach Tim Walsh says that was part of the plan for the inaugural competition.

“The best way to grow the game and to share and collaborate that information is to disperse it and, making sure that this competition is going to be at that elite level, have the elite players in there. And when you’ve got that experience and that exposure, and them learning off the next generation and the coaches as well, learning off them, I think it’s a no-brainer.”

Four tournaments will be held over five weeks starting in late August, and the Australian Rugby Union is already thinking about expanding the eight-university concept.

The sport’s chief executive, Bill Pulver, says, if Rugby Union does not attract and secure new players, another sport will.

“There is a ‘land grab’ for elite female talent, every sport, whether it’s cricket, soccer, Rugby League, AFL or Rugby Union. We’re all eager to see the percentage of women participating in the game grow. I’m pretty certain it’s going to expand. We’ve already got four or five universities who want to join this competition next year, so it will get bigger.”

The ripples from the Olympic success in Rio seem to be continuing to flow.

New South Wales Sevens coach Nathan McMahon will be in charge of the Macquarie University Rays in the competition.

He says the Olympic team and coach Tim Walsh deserve the highest praise for winning gold.

“It’s a credit to Tim and those amazing 12 girls that went over to Rio, what they’ve done for this sport. We wouldn’t be standing here without what they achieved in Rio. It’s quite scary where this sport can go, and I’m very fortunate to be a part of it.”